臨床檢驗項目:臨床意義與使用說明(第四版)
目次

按項目名稱之英文字母順序排列 (α,β,γ則以alpha, beta, gamma…方式加入排序)

A開頭項目

 

 

A1-antitrypsin

see Alpha 1-antitrypsin

18

AAT

see Alpha 1-antitrypsin

18

ABO grouping

……………………

1

Acetaminophen

……………………

2

Acetylcholine receptor Ab

……………………

5

Acetylcholinesterase

see Cholinesterase (RBC)

113

AChR Ab

see Acetylcholine receptor Ab

5

Acid phosphatase; Acid-P

……………………

6

Acid-fast culture

……………………

7

Acid-fast stain

……………………

8

ACAaCL

see Anti-cardiolipin Ab

39

ACP

see Acid phosphatase

6

ACPA

see Anti-CCP

40

ACR

see Microalbumin

295

ACTH

……………………

9

Activated partial thromboplastin time

see APTT

62

AD

see Androstenedione

35

ADA

see Adenosine deaminase

10

Adenosine deaminase

……………………

10

ADH

see Antidiuretic hormone

42

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

see ACTH

9

AFB stain

see Acid-fast stain

8

AFP

……………………

11

AGPA

see Anti-gastric parietal cell Ab

45

AHF

see Factor VIII

178

AIDS screen test

see HIV Ab

233

Al

see Aluminum

20

Alanine aminotransferase

see ALT

20

Albumin

……………………

12

Alcohol

see Ethanol

176

Aldosterone

……………………

13

Alkaline phosphatase

……………………

15

Alkaline phosphatase Ep (isoenzyme)

……………………

17

Alpha 1-Antitrypsin

……………………

18

Alpha-fetal protein

see AFP

11

ALT

……………………

20

Aluminum

……………………

21

AMA

see Anti-mitochondria Ab

48

Amebiasis Ab (IHA)

……………………

23

AMH

see Anti-Müllerian Hormone

49

AMiA

see Thyroid peroxidase Ab

400

AmikacinAmikin

……………………

24

Aminophylline

see Theophylline

396

Ammonia

……………………

25

Amphetamine

……………………

26

Amylase(serumurine)

……………………

27

Amylase Ep (isoenzyme)

……………………

29

ANA

……………………

30

ANCA

……………………

33

Androstenedione

……………………

35

Anti-β2-glycoprotein I Ab

……………………

36

Anti-β2GPI

see Anti-β2-glycoprotein I Ab

36

Anti-basement membrane zone Ab

……………………

38

Anti-cardiolipin Ab

……………………

39

Anti-CCP

……………………

40

Anti-citrullinated protein Ab

see Anti-CCP

40

Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide Ab

see Anti-CCP

40

Antidiuretic hormone

……………………

42

Anti-double stranded DNA Ab

see Anti-dsDNA

44

Anti-dsDNA

……………………

44

Anti-EBV early Ag

see EB-EA Ab

163

Anti-EBV nuclear Ag

see EB-NA Ab

164

Anti-ENA panel

see ENA Ab panel

170

Anti-gastric parietal cell Ab

……………………

45

Antiglobulin Test

see Coomb's test (direct & indirect)

129

Anti-H. pylori

see Helicobacter pylori Ab

228

Anti-HAV IgG

see HAV Ab IgG

210

Anti-HAV IgM

see HAV Ab IgM

210

Anti-HBc

see HBV core Ab (HBcAb)

213

Anti-HBc IgM

see HBV core Ab IgM (HBcAb IgM)

214

Anti-HBe

see HBV e-Ab (HBeAb)

215

Anti-HBs

see HBV surface Ab (HBsAb)

217

Anti-HCV

see HCV Ab

221

Anti-HDV

see HDV Ab

225

Antihemophilic factor

see Factor VIII

178

Anti-HEV

see HEV Ab

232

Anti-histone Ab

……………………

46

Anti-HIV

see HIV Ab

233

Anti-HTLV I/II

see HTLV I/II Ab

241

Anti-ICS Ab

see Anti-intercellular substance Ab

47

Anti-intercellular substance Ab

……………………

47

Anti-Jo-1 Ab

see ENA Ab panel

170

Anti-microsomal Ab

see Thyroid peroxidase Ab

400

Anti-mitochondria Ab

……………………

48

Anti-müllerian hormone

……………………

49

Anti-nDNA

see Anti-dsDNA

44

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic Ab

see ANCA

33

Anti-nuclear Ab

see ANA

30

Anti-phospholipid Ab

……………………

52

Anti-platelet Ab

……………………

53

Anti-RNP (Anti-ribonucleoprotein)

see ENA Ab panel

170

Anti-skeletal muscle Ab

……………………

55

Anti-Smith Ab

see ENA Ab panel

170

Anti-smooth muscle Ab

……………………

56

Anti-SSA/SSB Ab

see ENA Ab panel

170

Antistreptolysin O

see ASLO

65

Antithrombin (III)

……………………

57

Anti-thyroglobulin Ab

see Thyroglobulin Ab

398

Anti-TPO Ab

see Thyroid peroxidase Ab

400

aPL

see Anti-phospholipid Ab

52

Apolipoprotein-A1 (Apo-A1)

……………………

59

Apolipoprotein-B (Apo-B)

……………………

61

APTT

……………………

62

Arsenic

……………………

63

As

see Arsenic

63

Ascites culture

see Body fluid culture

82

Ascites routine

see Body fluid analysis

82

ASLO (ASO)

……………………

65

Aspartate aminotransferase

see AST

66

AST

……………………

66

ATA

see Thyroglobulin Ab

398

AT-III

see Antithrombin III

57

 

 

 

B開頭項目

 

 

Barbiturates screen

……………………

67

Basement membrane zone Ab

see Anti-basement membrane zone Ab

38

Bence-Jones protein

……………………

68

Benzodiazepines screen test

……………………

69

Beta-2-microglobulin

……………………

70

Beta-CrossLaps

……………………

72

Beta-hCG

see Human chorionic gonadotropin

243

Beta-hCG (free form)

……………………

74

Beta-lipoprotein

……………………

75

Bicarbonate

……………………

75

Bilirubin-total,direct,indirect

……………………

77

Bleeding time

……………………

78

Blood culture

……………………

79

Blood routine

see CBC

99

Blood type

see ABO grouping

1

Blood urea nitrogen

see BUN

82

BMZ Ab

see Anti-basement membrane zone Ab

38

Body fluid analysis

……………………

80

Body fluid culture

……………………

82

BT

see Bleeding time

78

BUN

……………………

82

BZD screen test

see Benzodiazepines screen test

69

 

 

 

C開頭項目

 

 

C3

see Complement C3, C4 and CH50

125

C4

see Complement C3, C4 and CH50

125

Ca (serum)

see Calcium (serum)

90

Ca (urine)

see Calcium (urine)

92

CA 125

……………………

83

CA 15-3

……………………

84

CA 19-9

……………………

85

CA 72-4

……………………

87

Cadmium

……………………

88

Calcitonin

……………………

89

Calcium (serum)

……………………

90

Calcium (urine)

……………………

92

Calcium ionized (free calcium)

……………………

93

Cancer antigen-breast

see CA15-3

84

Cancer antigen-GI

see CA19-9

85

Cancer antigen-OV

see CA125

83

Cannabinoids

……………………

94

Carbamazepine

……………………

95

Carbohydrate Antigen 125

see CA125

83

Carbohydrate Antigen 15-3

see CA15-3

84

Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9

see CA19-9

85

Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4

see CA72-4

87

Carboxyhemoglobin

……………………

96

Carcinoembryonic antigen

see CEA

103

Cardiolipin Ab

see Anti-cardiolipin Ab

39

Catecholamines

……………………

97

CBC

……………………

99

CCR

……………………

101

Cd

see Cadmium

88

CD4/CD8 ratio

……………………

102

CEA

……………………

103

Ceruloplasmin

……………………

106

CH50

see Complement C3, C4 and CH50

125

CHE

see Cholinesterase

112

Chlamydia Ab (IgG, IgM,IgA)

……………………

107

Chlamydia Ag

……………………

109

Chloride (serum)

……………………

109

Chloride (urine)

……………………

110

Cholesterol (total)

……………………

111

Cholinesterase (serum, plasma)

……………………

112

Cholinesterase (RBC)

……………………

113

Chorionic Gonadotropin

see HCG

243

Christmas Factor

see Factor 9 (IX)

179

Chromium

……………………

114

Chromosome analysis

……………………

115

Chylomicron

……………………

116

CK

……………………

117

CK- isoenzyme (Ep)

see Creatine kinase isoenzyme

139

CK-MB

……………………

118

Cl (serum)

see Chloride (serum)

109

Cl (urine)

see Chloride (urine)

110

Clostridium difficile toxins

……………………

119

Clotting time

see Coagulation time

121

CMV Ab IgG

……………………

120

CMV Ab IgM

……………………

121

Co

see Cobalt

122

CO2 content

see Bicarbonate

75

Coagulation time

……………………

121

Cobalt

……………………

122

Cocaine

……………………

122

Codeine

see Opiate

312

CO-Hb

see Carboxyhemoglobin

96

Cold agglutinine

……………………

123

Complement C3, C4, CH50

……………………

125

Complete blood count

see CBC

99

Coomb's test (direct & indirect)

……………………

129

Copper

……………………

130

Cord blood IgE

see IgE (cord blood)

247

Cortisol

……………………

131

Cortisol (free form)

……………………

133

Cotinine

……………………

134

Coxsakie virus B Ab

……………………

136

Cp

see Ceruloplasmin

106

C-peptide

……………………

137

CPK

see CK

117

Cr

see Chromium

114

C-Reactive protein

See CRP

141

C-Reactive protein (high sensitivity)

……………………

138

Creatine kinase

see CK

117

Creatine kinase isoenzyme (Ep)

……………………

139

Creatinine

……………………

140

Creatinine clearance rate

see CCR

101

Creatinine (urine)

……………………

141

CRP

……………………

141

CRP (high sensitivity)

See C-Reactive protein (high sensitivity)

138

Cryoglobulin

……………………

142

Cryptococcus Ag

……………………

143

CSF analysis (CSF routine)

……………………

144

CSF culture

……………………

146

CT

see Coagulation time or Calcitonin

121/89

Cu

see Copper

130

Cyclosporin (A)

……………………

147

Cyfra 21-1

……………………

148

Cystatin C

……………………

149

Cytomegalovirus Ab IgG

see CMV Ab IgG

120

Cytomegalovirus Ab IgM

see CMV Ab IgM

121

 

 

 

D開頭項目

 

 

DC

see Differential count

157

D-Dimer

……………………

150

Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate

see DHEA-S

154

Dengue fever virus Ab IgG

……………………

153

Dengue fever virus Ab IgM

……………………

153

Deoxypyridinoline

see NTx

308

Depakine

see Valproic acid

421

DHEA-S (DHEA)

……………………

154

Differential count

……………………

157

Digoxin

……………………

158

Dilantin

see Phenytoin

322

Diphenylhydantoin

see Phenytoin

322

Direct Coomb's test

see Coomb's test

129

DNA Ab

see Anti-dsDNA

44

Down's syndrome screening

……………………

159

DPD

see NTx

308

 

 

 

E開頭項目

 

 

E2

……………………

160

E3

……………………

162

EB-EA AbEBV-EA Ab

……………………

163

EB-NA AbEBV-NA Ab

……………………

164

EB-VCA IgA

……………………

165

EB-VCA IgG

……………………

165

EB-VCA IgM

……………………

166

ECP

……………………

167

eGFR

……………………

168

EGFR mutation test

……………………

169

ENA Ab panel

……………………

170

Endotoxin

……………………

173

Eosinophil cationic protein

see ECP

167

Eosinophil count

……………………

173

Epinephrine

see Catecholamines

97

EPO

……………………

174

Epstein-Barr virus Ab IgA to viral capsid antigen

see EB-VCA IgA

165

Epstein-Barr virus Ab IgG to viral capsid antigen

see EB- VCA IgG

165

Epstein-Barr virus Ab IgM to viral capsid antigen

see EB-VCA IgM

166

Epstein-Barr virus Ab to early Ag

see EB-EA Ab

163

Epstein-Barr virus Ab to nuclear Ag

see EB-NA Ab

164

Epstein-Barr virus Ab to viral capsid Ag

see EB-VCA IgA, IgG, IgM

165-166

Erythrocyte fragility test

see RBC fragility test

354

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

see ESR

175

Erythropoietin

see EPO

174

ESR

……………………

175

Estimated glomerular filtration rate

see eGFR

168

Estradiol

see E2

160

Estriol

see E3

162

Ethanol

……………………

176

Extractable nuclear antigen antibodies

see ENA Ab panel

170

 

 

 

F開頭項目

 

 

Factor 8 (VIII)

……………………

178

Factor 9 (IX)

……………………

179

FDP, FDPs

……………………

180

Fe

see Iron (serum)

263

Ferritin

……………………

182

Fibrin degradation products

see FDP

180

Fibrinogen

……………………

183

FK506

see Tacrolimus

393

Flunitrazepam

see FM2

185

Fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption

see Syphilis Tests

384

FM2

……………………

185

FolateFolic acid

……………………

186

Follicle stimulating hormone

see FSH

189

Fragility test of RBC

see RBC fragility test

354

Free beta-hCG

see Beta-hCG (free form)

74

Free Ca

see Calcium ionized

93

Free cortisol

see Cortisol (free form)

133

Free PSA

see PSA (free form)

350

Free T3

see T3 (free form)

387

Free T4

see T4 (free form)

391

Free T4 index

……………………

187

Free testosterone

see SHBG & Free testosterone

370

Fructosamine

……………………

188

FSH

……………………

189

FTA-ABS

see Syphilis tests

384

FTI

see Free T4 index

187

Fungus culture

……………………

191

 

 

 

G開頭項目

 

 

G-6-PD

……………………

192

Gamma glutamyl transpeptidase

see Gamma GT

194

Gamma GT

……………………

194

Gastrin

……………………

195

Genital tract specimen culture

……………………

196

Gentamycin

……………………

197

GGT (γ-GT)

see Gamma GT

194

GH

see Growth hormone

204

Globulin

……………………

197

Glucose (serum, plasma)

……………………

198

Glucose tolerance test (oral)

……………………

201

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

see G-6-PD

192

Glycated hemoglobin

see HbA1C

211

GOT

see AST

66

GPT

see ALT

20

Gram stain

……………………

203

Growth hormone

……………………

204

GTT

see Glucose tolerance test (oral)

201

 

 

 

H開頭項目

 

 

17-Hydroxycorticosteroids

see 17-OHCS

309

5-HIAA

……………………

206

5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid

see 5-HIAA

206

HAA

see HBV surface Ag

219

Ham's acid  hemolysin test / Ham's test

……………………

207

Haptoglobin

……………………

208

HAV Ab IgG

……………………

210

HAV Ab IgM

……………………

210

HbA1C

……………………

211

HBcAb

see HBV core Ab

213

HBcAb IgM

see HBV core Ab IgM

214

Hb-CO

see Carboxyhemoglobin

96

HBeAb

see HBV e-Ab

215

HBeAg

see HBV e-Ag

216

Hb-Ep

see Hemoglobin Ep

230

HBsAb

see HBV surface Ab

217

HBsAg

see HBV surface Ag

219

HBV core Ab

……………………

213

HBV core Ab IgM

……………………

214

HBV e-Ab

……………………

215

HBV e-Ag

……………………

216

HBV surface Ab

……………………

217

HBV surface Ag

……………………

219

HBV-DNA PCR

……………………

220

HCG

see Human chorionic gonadotropin

243

HCO3-

see Bicarbonate

75

HCV Ab

……………………

221

HCV-RNA PCR

……………………

223

HCY

see Homocystine

237

HDL-cholesterol

……………………

224

HDV Ab

……………………

225

HE4

……………………

227

Helicobacter pylori Ab

……………………

228

Hemoglobin A1C

see HbA1C

211

Hemoglobin electrophoresis (Hb-Ep)

……………………

230

Heroine

see Opiate

312

Herpes simplex virus I/II Ab IgG

see HSV I/II Ab IgG

239

Herpes simplex virus I/II Ab IgM

see HSV I/II Ab IgM

240

Heterophil Ab

……………………

232

HEV Ab

……………………

232

Hg

see Mercury

289

High density lipoprotein

see HDL-cholesterol

224

High sensitivity CRP

see C-Reactive protein (high sensitivity)

138

Histone Ab

see Anti-histon Ab

46

HIV Ab

……………………

233

HLA-B 1502

……………………

234

HLA-B27

……………………

236

HLA-B 5801

……………………

236

Homocystine

……………………

237

HPV-DNA

……………………

238

HSCRP

see C-Reactive protein (high sensitivity)

138

HSV I/II Ab IgG

……………………

239

HSV I/II Ab IgM

……………………

240

HTLV I/II Ab

……………………

241

Human chorionic gonadotropin

……………………

243

Human chorionic gonadotropin β-subunit (Free form)

see Beta-hCG (free form)

74

Human epididymal protein 4

see HE4

227

 

 

 

I開頭項目

 

 

IF Ab

see Intrinsic Factor Ab

262

IgA (total)

……………………

245

IgD (total)

……………………

247

IgE (cord blood)

……………………

247

IgE (specific) for individual allergen

……………………

248

IgE (total)

……………………

249

IGF-1

……………………

250

IgG (total)

……………………

252

IgM (total)

……………………

254

IL-6

see Interleukin-6

261

Immunoglobulin A

see IgA (total)

245

Immunoglobulin D

see IgD (total)

247

Immunoglobulin E

see IgE (total)

249

Immunoglobulin electrophoresis

……………………

255

Immunoglobulin G

see IgG (total)

252

Immunoglobulin light chain ratio (κ & λ)

……………………

256

Immunoglobulin M

see IgM (total)

254

India ink stain

……………………

257

Indirect Coomb's test

see Coomb's test

129

INR; International normalized ratio

see Prothrombin time

346

Insulin

……………………

258

Insulin antibody

……………………

259

Insulin-like growth factor-1

see IGF-1

250

Insulin receptor Ab

……………………

260

Interleukin-6

……………………

261

Intrinsic factor Ab

……………………

262

Intercellular substance Ab

see Anti-intercellular substance Ab

47

Ionized calcium

see Calcium ionized

93

Iron (serum)

……………………

263

 

 

 

K開頭項目

 

 

K (serum)

see Potassium(serum)

325

K (urine)

see potassium(urine)

327

Ketone bodies (serum)

……………………

265

 

 

 

L開頭項目

 

 

LA

see Lupus anticoagulant

280

Lactate dehydrogenase

see LDH

268

Lactic acid (Lactate)

……………………

266

LAP score

……………………

267

LDH (LD)

……………………

268

LDH Ep (isoenzyme)

……………………

270

LDL-Cholesterol

……………………

271

Lead

……………………

272

Legionella Ab & Ag

……………………

274

Leukocyte alkaline phosphatase score

see LAP score

267

LH

……………………

275

Li

see Lithium

279

Light chain ratio κ

see Immunoglobulin light chain

256

Lipase

……………………

277

Lipoprotein electrophoresis

……………………

278

Lithium

……………………

279

L-J identification

see TB identification

394

Low density lipoprotein

see LDL-Cholesterol

271

Low range IgE

see IgE (cord blood)

247

Lupus anticoagulant

……………………

280

Luteinizing hormone

see LH

275

Lymphocyte surface marker

see CD4/CD8 ratio

102

 

 

 

M開頭項目

 

 

Magnesium(serum24 hrs urine)

……………………

282

Malaria screen

……………………

283

Manganese

……………………

284

Marijuana

see Cannabinoids

94

MAST allergy tests

……………………

285

MDMA

……………………

287

Measles Ab IgG

……………………

288

Measles Ab IgM

……………………

289

Mercury

……………………

289

Metanephrine

……………………

291

Methamphetamine

see amphetamine

26

Methanol

……………………

293

Met-Hb

see Methemoglobin

294

Methemoglobin

……………………

294

Mg (serum24 hrs urine)

see Magnesium

282

Microalbumin

……………………

295

Microbilirubin

……………………

297

Microsomal Ab

see Thyroid peroxidase Ab

400

Mitochondria Ab

see Anti-mitochondria Ab

48

Mn

see Manganese

284

Mono-spot test

see Heterophil Ab

232

Morphine

see Opiate

312

Morphology of RBC

see RBC morphology

355

Müllerian hormone

see Anti-müllerian hormone

49

Mumps Ab IgG

……………………

297

Mumps Ab IgM

……………………

298

Mycobacteria culture

see Acid-Fast culture

7

Mycobacteria sensitivity test

……………………

299

Mycoplasma pneumoniae Ab

……………………

299

Mycoplasma pneumoniae Ab IgM

……………………

300

Myoglobin (serumurine)

……………………

302

Mysoline

see Primidone

330

 

 

 

N開頭項目

 

 

Na (serum)

see Sodium (serum)

373

Na (urine)

see sodium(urine)

374

Nasopharyngeal culture

……………………

303

Neuron-specific enolase

see NSE

304

NH3

see Ammonia

25

NickelNi

……………………

304

N-MID osteocalcin

see Osteocalcin

315

Norepinephrine

see Catecholamines

97

Normetanephrine

see Metanephrine

290

NSE

……………………

304

NT-proBNP (N‑terminal proB‑type natriuretic peptide)

……………………

306

NTx & DPD

……………………

308

 

 

 

O開頭項目

 

 

17-OHCS

……………………

309

17-OHP

see 17-OH-progesterone

311

17-OH-progesterone

……………………

311

OGTTOral glucose tolerance test

see Glucose tolerance test (oral)

206

Opiate

……………………

312

Osmolality (serum, plasma & urine)

……………………

314

Osteocalcin

……………………

315

 

 

 

P開頭項目

 

 

P4

see Progesterone

333

PAB

see Prealbumin

328

PAP

……………………

317

PAPP-A (Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A)

……………………

318

Paraquat

……………………

319

Parathyroid hormone

see PTH (Intact, C, N)

351

Parietal cell Ab

see Anti-gastric parietal cell Ab

45

Pb

see Lead

272

PCP

see Phencyclidine

320

PCT

see Procalcitonin

331

Peritoneal fluid culture

see Body fluid culture

82

Peritoneal fluid routine

see Body fluid analysis

80

Pethidine

see Opiate

312

Phencyclidine

……………………

320

Phenobarbital

……………………

321

Phenytoin

……………………

322

Phospholipid Ab

see Anti-phospholipid Ab

52

Phosphorus ; P (serum)

……………………

323

Phosphorus ; P (urine)

……………………

324

Plano test

see Pregnancy test

329

Plasma renin activity

see Renin activity

358

Platelet Ab

see Anti-platelet Ab

53

Pleural fluid culture

see Body fluid culture

82

Pleural fluid routine